Wisconsin Distinguished Professor,
Department of Engineering Physics,
Engineering Mechanics Program, Department of Materials Science, Rheology Research Center,
University of Wisconsin
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R. S. Lakes, Composites and Metamaterials, July (2020).
Case studies for class aircraft safety
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In our laboratory we conceptualize, synthesize and characterize materials with extreme and unusual physical properties.
We have developed new materials with reversed properties, including the first 3D materials with a negative Poisson's ratio
We have developed the first materials with arbitrarily large magnitudes of positive or negative thermal expansion
. Zero thermal expansion is also attainable.
We have developed the first extreme materials based on negative stiffness
inclusions in composites. Recently such materials have been called metamaterials
Materials which undergo phase transformation are of interest in the context of viscoelastic damping and of negative stiffness. Composite materials stiffer
than diamond over a temperature range have been demonstrated in the lab. These are also called metamaterials
We investigate the freedom of natural and synthesized materials to behave in ways not anticipated in elementary continuum
representations, to ameliorate stress concentrations, and to attain physical properties of much higher magnitude than anticipated from standard theories. Designed Cosserat solids have been made by 3D printing. These materials exhibit reduced stress concentrations compared with classical elastic materials.
The first experimental determination of the full set of Cosserat elastic constants for a material was done in our laboratory.
We have made the first designed 2D
chiral elastic material
and the first 3D designed and 3D
printed Cosserat chiral
elastic material. These have been called chiral metamaterials
. Recently we have observed effects of chiral elasticity in the gyroid lattice.
We study materials with heterogeneous structure, including natural viscoelastic composites such as bone
, tendon and wood, as well as synthetic composites, biomaterials, and cellular solids with structural hierarchy
materials are of particular interest as high performance damping materials and as practical materials which undergo creep in industrial settings. We determine viscoelastic properties including internal friction, dependence on strain rate, and creep over eleven orders of magnitude of frequency and time, with no need for temperature shifts. We have developed materials and structures that offer extreme viscoelastic damping.
We also study practical composite materials such as dental composites for tooth restorations and aircraft composites in the context of damage resistance and damage tolerance as well as moisture ingression. Piezoelectric
composites and lattices, chiral elastic lattices, as well as thermoelastic composites and lattices are presently of particular current interest. We pursue basic research as well as applied research for industry. Industrial research has included high temperature performance studies of alloys for small engines, improved shoe insoles, and advanced dampers.